An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).
Picture – Schematic flow diagram of a typical oil refinery (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org)
Oil refineries are typically large, sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units. In many ways, oil refineries use much of the technology of, and can be thought of, as types of chemical plants. The crude oil feedstock has typically been processed by an oil production plant. There is usually an oil depot (tank farm) at or near an oil refinery for the storage of incoming crude oil feedstock as well as bulk liquid products.
An oil refinery is considered an essential part of the midstream side of the petroleum industry.
Video : “The principle of refining”
Refineries in Indonesia
Pertamina: Refineries in Indonesia
|No||Refinery Unit (RU)||Unit||Province||Capacity thou bpd|
|2||RU III||Plaju (Musi)||South Sumatra||127|
|3||RU IV||Cilacap||West Java||348|
|4||RU V||Balikpapan||East Kalimantan||260|
|5||RU VI||Balongan||West Java||125|
|6||RU VII||Kasim/Sorong||West Papua||10|
Other Refineries in Indonesia
|No||Unit||Province||Capacity thou bpd|
|2||Pangkalan Brandan||North Sumatra||5|
ROPP Balongan refinery
ROPP Balongan refinery began operations on January 14, 2013.
ROPP Balongan built with an investment of around U.S. $ 387 million with the EPC contractor PT Engineering Industries and Toyo Engineering Corporation. Meanwhile, the production capacity of propylene ROPP Balongan reached 179 thousand tons per year.
RCC Off Gas to Propylene Project (ROPP) Balongan in Indramayu, West Java is the exhaust gas utilization projects resulting residue catalytic cracking / RCC into high value-added propylene.
Indonesia builds new oil refineries worth US$3 billion in West Java and Banten
Indonesia’s supply of crude at country has declined by more than 10% in the past decade to around 840,000 bpd, and its consumption of crude and refined oil grow exponentially to more than 1 million bpd.
With Indonesia are faced with depleting crude oil production, oil-rich Iran pledged on Tuesday (11/02/2014) to supply the country with crude oil and help for the construction of oil refineries.
The Indonesia government will build worth US$3 billion crude oil refineries in West Java and Banten by PT Kreasindo Resources Indonesia and Iranian Nakhle Barani Pardis (NBP) Co.
The joint venture will see Kreasindo financing 70% of the project while NBP 30%.
NBP has pledged to supply between 20,000 to 30,000 barrels per day (bpd) of crude to be processed in the refineries for a period of 20 years.
PT Kreasindo Resources Indonesia is a mining and energy company founded in 2009 as a holding for several subsidiaries owned by the Mining and Energy Foundation. The company’s clients include state oil and gas company PT Pertamina.
The companies were still undergoing a feasibility study, but construction would begin in 2015 with completion scheduled for 2018.
Video : “Refinery Crude Oil Distillation Process Complete Full HD” (by ChemicalEngineering)
Source / read more :
- Jakarta Post
- Oil refinery (Wikipedia)
- Pertamina Kapalkan Kargo Perdana Propylene dari Kilang Balongan (Liputan6)
- Pertamina (Wikipedia)