The Tangguh gas field lies in Bintuni Bay, in the province of West Papua, Indonesia. The natural gas field contains over 500 billion m³ (17 Tcf) of proven natural gas reserves, with estimates of potential reserves reaching over 800 billion cubic metres (28 trillion cubic feet).
The Tangguh field is developed by a consortium of international companies i.e. BP, CNOOC, Mitsubishi Corporation, and partners.
Production began in June 2009.
An LNG train is a liquefied natural gas plant’s liquefaction and purification facility.
In order to make it practical and commercially viable to transport natural gas from one country to another, its volume has to be greatly reduced. To obtain maximum volume reduction, the gas has to be liquefied (condensed) by refrigeration to less than -161 °C (the boiling point of methane at atmospheric pressure). This process also requires very strict safety measures and precautions during all liquefaction stages, due to the flammable nature of the gas involved.
Since the numerous impurities that are naturally found in the raw gas freeze at low temperatures, and would thus block the cryogenic section of the plant, the gas has to be purified before it can be cooled down to cryogenic temperatures
Train 3 – Tangguh Project
- The refinery operator is BP Indonesia.
- In early September 2012, on behalf of the Tangguh project partners, BP submitted the Plan of Further Development (POFD) of a third LNG liquefaction train (Train 3) for the expansion of the BP-operated Tangguh liquefied natural gas (LNG) project in Papua Barat province in eastern Indonesia.
- Approval of the plan was announced on November 12, 2012 by UK Prime Minister David Cameron in London after a bilateral meeting with Indonesia’s President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, attended by BP Group Chief Executive, Bob Dudley, and BP Regional President Asia Pacific, William Lin.
- BP is now completing the front end engineering design (FEED).
- BP will announce the winner contractor of the project at the end I/2014 quarter.
- Procurement refinery construction started early or mid-2015.
- Commissioning operations for the new train to begin in late 2018.
- Train 3 is expected to be on stream in 2019.
Train 3 by Tangguh project partners :
Based on news by pennenergy.com on November 12, 2012, the total investment in Train 3 by Tangguh project partners is estimated to be up to US$12 billion (£7.5 billion). Based on updated news by Bisnis Indonesia on 16/01/2014, Train 3 development plan worth U.S. $ 5 billion.
Tangguh is operated by BP Indonesia as contractor to Indonesia’s oil and gas regulatory body SKK MIGAS.
- BP holds a 37.16% interest in the project.
Other Tangguh contract partners are,
- Ml Berau BV (16.3%),
- CNOOC Ltd. ( 13.9% ),
- Nippon Oil Exploration (Berau), Ltd. (12.23%),
- KG Berau / KG Wiriagar ( 10%),
- LNG Japan Corporation ( 7.35% ), and
- Talisman ( 3.06%).
Tangguh Profile :
- Production Train 1 & 2 is 7.6 tons / year.
- Train 3 production capacity is estimated at 3.8 million tons / year.
- When the Train 3 is completed, the total LNG production will increase to be 11.4 million tons per year.
Under the terms of the plan, BP and its partners have agreed to sell and supply 40 per cent of the LNG output from Train 3 to Indonesia’s state electricity company PT.PLN (Persero) for the Indonesian domestic market.
Picture -1 : BP-operated Tangguh LNG in Bintuni Bay of Papua Barat (Picture Courtesy of BP Indonesia)
- “BP in Indonesia” , (http://www.bp.com/)
- “Proyek Train III tangguh – Kontraktor dirilis kuartal I/2014”, Bisnis Indonesia, page 7, 16-jan-2014.
- “LNG train“, (http://en.wikipedia.org/)
- “Tangguh gas field” , (http://en.wikipedia.org/)
- “Indonesian approves further expansion of Tangguh LNG” , (http://www.pennenergy.com/)