In accordance to data provided by navigation system maker TomTom, the study for the year 2012 was based on actual driving time and encompasses the complete road network of a city, found :
- Out of the 161 cities that were a part of the worldwide study, Moscow takes the first place as having the worst traffic congestion.
- The second and third places were taken by Warsaw and Istanbul.
What a Traffic Jam ?
Traffic congestion is a condition on road networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
When vehicles are fully stopped for periods of time, this is colloquially known as a traffic jam or traffic snarl-up.
- A suddenly traffic jam,
- An eventuality traffic jam, or
- A sustained traffic jam.
Why Is Traffic Congestion a Problem?
Traffic congestion can have a big impact:
- On personal life, career, future and even personal safety.
- Long delays in getting to and from work are another result, leading to less productivity from employees.
- There are also more accidents, because people become frustrated or angry due to the traffic jams.
- In traffic jams burns fuel at a higher rate than the smooth rate of travel on the open highway. This increases fuel consumption, hiked fares for public means, and
- It also contributes greatly to the amount of emissions of greenhouse gases that create air pollution and eventually global warming.
- To apply the rules of Economic “Demand approaches” to traffic jam
- To apply the rules of Physics “fluid dynamics” to traffic flow
- The “shockwave” effect
Probable Causes :
There are many reasons why we suffer traffic jams every day. One of these is the rapid growth of the population. As a result of this, the number of cars is increasing annually. What else?
- demand volume of traffic greater than the available road capacity
- increment the number of vehicles required for a given volume of people or goods
- many new highrise shopping center but with building entry and parking problems
- traffic incidents
- road works
- Illegal parking
- weather events
- the intersections along the road
There is no simple solution to this problem because it has many causes. Finding a solution could be important for sustaining economic activities.
Remedial / Corrective Actions:
- Road infrastructures maintenance and development to increase the road capacities and with regard to budget, time, quality, safety and environmental.
- Sufficient and adequate message signs
- Traffic research
- Create awareness and authorities are promoting more use of public transportation
- Increasing road capacity (supply), and or by reducing traffic (demand)
- City planning and urban design; e.g. Carfree cities, car-light cities, and eco-cities designed to eliminate the need to travel by car for most inhabitants.
- Shopping center / shops are encouraged to close in the city center and have to relocate to malls or to the outskirts of the city, where parking is available.
- Transit-oriented development.
- Junction improvements.
- Separate lanes for specific user groups, e.g. Bus lanes as part of a busway system.
- HOV lanes, for vehicles with at least three (sometimes at least two) riders, intended to encourage carpooling. E.g. “3 in 1 rule” on certain roads in Jakarta.
- Improve Traffica Management, i.e. use of so-called Intelligent transportation system.
- Other associated.
Traffic congestion occurs in time and space, i.e., it is a spatiotemporal process. Therefore, another approach in advance technology may be “Quantum Mechanics Theories” (Nano Technology).
Traffic during peak hours in major Australian cities, such as Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Perth, is usually very congested and can cause considerable delay for motorists.
- Australians rely mainly on radio and television to obtain current traffic information.
- webcams, and
- online resources are increasingly being used to monitor and relay traffic conditions to motorists.
The TomTom study for the year 2012 found that the commuters in Stuttgart are on the road 33 percent longer on average compared to driving in gridlock-free traffic, the study found. This puts Stuttgart, which is home to carmakers Mercedes and Porsche, on par with cities like Los Angeles, Paris, Sydney and Rome on the traffic jam scale.
German City uses analytics to solve traffic jams:
- Completed to build a smarter traffic pilot project to predict and manage traffic flow and road congestion in the City of Cologne, Germany, in partnership with IBM.
The Metropolitan government tackle vigorously :
- to find spaces and increase traffic lanes.
- widening roads,
- going underground, or
- even building expressways on top of each other.
- authorities are promoting more use of public transportation.
- to increase the road capacities
- Technologically upgrading traffic lights, redirect traffic with new signs and routes
Bangkok, Thailand’s Capital City
Characteristics of traffic:
- Rush hour : Traffic is jammed between 7am and 10 am or between 3:30 pm and 9pm on the weekdays.
- Season : Bangkok has rainy season which lasts at least six months of the year. If it rains, Bangkok’s roads are parking lots.
- On holidays : traffic is jammed all day in that eventuality.
An excellent Infrastuctures :
- The BTS sky train and MRT underground : Bangkok has an excellent sky train and underground train system that covers about 20% of the city. Trains are cheap too and better for the environment.
- Traffic congestion (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traffic_congestion )
- How to Avoid Traffic Jams in Bangkok: Beat the Traffic in Thailand’s Capital City, (http://voices.yahoo.com/how-avoid-traffic-jams-bangkok-beat-traffic-5577509.html )
- Why Is Traffic Congestion a Problem? (http://www.ask.com/question/traffic-problems )
- Cause and Effect: Traffic (http://writefix.com/?page_id=808 )
- Japanese Researchers Search for Solution to Traffic Jams : “shockwave” effect (http://blogs.cars.com/kickingtires/2008/03/japanese-resear.html )
- How Tokyo copes with traffic (http://english.cntv.cn/program/asiatoday/20101216/104409.shtml )
- German City uses analytics to solve traffic jams (http://www.futuregov.asia/articles/2013/jan/22/german-city-uses-analytics-solve-traffic-jams/ )
- Stuttgart faces worst traffic jams in Germany (http://www.thelocal.de/20130405/48951 )